Glossary of HR Terms starting with Alphabet U
Uncertainty: The state that exists when decision makers have insufficient information even if the available information is of high quality.
Uncertainty avoidance: Dimension of culture that refers to the preference of people in a country for structured rather than unstructured situations.
Underutilization: As part of the affirmative action process, this report is used to determine whether certain members of protected groups are being inadequately represented within the workforce. The report uses information based on the geographic area and positions within the organization.
Undue hardship: Condition created when making a reasonable accommodation for individuals with disabilities that imposes significant difficulty or expense on an employer.
Unemployment insurance: A temporary source of income designed to assist workers unemployed through no fault of their own.
Unemployment rate: The number of individuals unemployed as a percentage of the labor force.
Unfairly discriminatory: An action or policy resulting in members of protected groups becoming disadvantaged in relation to the employer’s selection, hiring, promotion, pay and training opportunities, when said persons are equally qualified and have the same potential to be successful.
Union: A formal association of workers that promotes the interests of its members through collective action.
Union authorization card: Card signed by an employee to designate a union as his or her collective bargaining agent.
Union security provisions: Contract provisions to aid the union in obtaining and retaining members.
Union shop: A form of union security that requires employees to join the union, usually 30 to 60 days after being hired or after a compulsory unionism contract is executed, and to maintain their membership as a condition of employment.
Union steward: An employee of a firm or organization who is elected to serve as the first-line representative of unionized worker.
Unit labor cost: The total labor cost per unit of output, which is the average cost of workers divided by their average level of output.
Unity of command: A structure in which each worker reports to one boss, who in turn reports to one boss.
Unretirement: The practice of hiring retired former employees whose skills or qualifications are in need.
Unsafe acts: Incidents that results from unsafe behavior on the part of the employee, such as operating equipment at high speeds.
Unsafe conditions: Mechanical or physical hazards that may lead to injury, such as defective equipment or improper lighting.
Unskilled worker: Some one who is not required to use reasoning in their work: Examples: packager, assembler, laborer, hand, apprentice.
Unwelcome behavior/conduct: Conduct or behavior by peers, subordinates or supervisors that is objectionable or unacceptable to an individual.
Up coding: Practice of health care providers who seek to maximize reimbursement by coding a treated illness as more serious than presented.
Upward communication: Information that flows from lower to higher level in the organization’s hierarchy.
Upward mobility: The process of preparing minorities for promotion into higher-level jobs, such as managerial positions.
Utility analysis: Analysis in which economic or other statistical models are built to identify the costs and benefits associated with specific HR activities.
Utilization: Affirmative action plan term-referring to the difference between the availability of members of a protected class and an organization’s job group makeup; under utilization is having a smaller proportion of women or minorities than is indicated by their avail abilities.
Utilization analysis: An analysis that identifies the number of protected class members employed and the types of jobs they hold in an organization.
Utilization review: An audit and review of the services costs billed by health-care providers.
Utilization management: Review and analysis of health care programs to determine cost control methods. Involves reviewing claims for potential utilization problems.