Glossary of HR Terms starting with Alphabet R
Ranking: Listing of all employees from highest to lowest in performance.
Rank order: A rating method where the performance of a group, process or product is arranged in a particular order, such as highest to lowest.
Rater bias: Error that occurs when a rater’s values or prejudices distort the rating.
Ratification: Process by which union members vote to accept the terms of a negotiated labor agreement.
Realistic job preview: Process through which an interviewer provides a job applicant with an accurate picture of a job.
Reasonable accommodation: A modification or adjustment to a job or work environment that enables a qualified individual with a disability to have equal employment opportunity.
Reasonable person standard: A standard used in sexual harassment suits, referring to conduct or behavior so offensive in nature that any reasonable person, regardless of sex, would agree the conduct or behavior should be illegal.
Reassignment: Transferring individuals to alternative positions where their talents or skills may be best utilized to their own or the organization’s benefits or where they are better able to perform the job in accordance with required standards.
Recall: The process or action by which workers are returned to active employment from layoff.
Recency effect: Error in which the rater gives greater weight to recent events when appraising an individual’s performance.
Reciprocity: A feeling of obligation to ” give in return ” or reciprocate good treatment.
Reciprocal review: An appraisal method where the subordinate and the manager are evaluated by each other based on agreed-upon performance criteria.
Recognition: An acknowledgement of an employee’s exceptional performance or achievements expressed in the form or praise, commendation or gratitude.
Recruiting: The process of generating a pool of qualified applicants for organizational jobs.
Recruitment: The practice of soliciting and actively seeking applicants to fill recently vacated or newly created positions using a variety of methods(i.e., internal job postings, advertising in newspapers or electronic job boards/sites, utilizing search firms, or listing position with trade and professional associations, etc).
Red-circled employee: An incumbent who is paid above the range set for the job.
Redeployment: The reassignment of employees to other departments or functions as an alternative to laying them off.
Reduction in force: An involuntary separation of an employee or groups of employees due to economic pressures, lack of work, organizational changes or other reasons of business necessity that require a reduction in staff.
Re engineering: Rethinking and redesigning work to improve cost, service, and speed.
Reference checking: The process of verifying information supplied by applicants on an application or resume.
Regression analysis: A statistical measure used to discover relationships between variables such as performance ratings and promotions.
Rehabilitation Act: Prohibits discrimination based on physical or mental disabilities.
Reinforcement: The practice of providing positive feedback to an individual or groups of individuals after completion of a particular project or achievement of a particular goal.
Reliability: A measure of the ability of a test or other appraisal instrument to evaluate what is being measured on a consistent basis.
Religious accommodation: An accommodation made for an employee, such as time off from work, so that he or she may observe a religious holiday or attend a religious ceremony or their day of Sabbath such as Sunday.
Relocation assistance: A type of benefit offered to employees who accept work assignments in which in new locations. Typically takes the form of assistance with moving costs, travel expenses, temporary lodging and home buying/selling.
Remedial counseling: A type of employee counseling used to correct performance or behavior-related issues.
Remedial training: Describes a method of teaching intended to help people who have basic skills deficiencies, such reading or writing.
Remediation: A strategy designed to conquer a deficiency in an employee’s behavior, performance or skills.
Remote employees: Employees who work off company premises and are removed from their supervisors or mangers.
Remote managers: A manager who supervises employees who perform their work at a site other then employer’s premises.
Reorientation: A process that occurs when a company shifts its resources into more attractive markets and industries.
Repatriation: The process of returning home after being placed on a long term international assignment or the process of bringing expatriates home.
Repetitive interview: When the interviewer asks every applicant the same questions; also called a structured interview.
Reprimand: An oral or written reproach given to an employee as part of disciplinary action.
Request for proposal: A document an organization sends to a vendor inviting the vendor to submit a bid for a product or service.
Resolution: The disposition of a disagreement or grievance through alternative dispute resolution methods.
Restructuring: Changing an organizational structure in order to make it more efficient and cost effective.
Resumes: Often prepared by candidates (or by a professional hired by the candidate) to highlight candidates work experience, strengths, skills, educational background, accomplishments and other related information.
Retaliation: Punitive actions taken by employers against individuals who exercise their legal rights.
Retaliatory discharge: A form of discriminatory discharge that occurs when an employer dismisses an employee as retaliation against the employee for a specific action.
Retention bonus: An incentive payment used to entice employees from leaving the organization. Typically employees are asked to sign an agreement or bond stating they will remain employed for a specific duration.
Retiree skill bank: A pool of retired former employees who are rehired on a temporary or contractual basis.
Retirement plan: A written qualified or non qualified benefit plan, funded by employer and employee contributions, that provides retirements income benefits for employees.
Retraining: Training that is provided for a certain job to enable an employee to acquire the necessary skills to work with new processes, procedures or equipment.
Return on investment: Calculation showing the value of expenditures for HR activities.
Reward system: A formal or informal program used to recognize individual employee achievements, such as accomplishment of goals or projects or submission of creative ideas.
Rights: That which belongs to a person by law, nature, or tradition.
Rightsizing: An approach to reducing staff, whereby jobs are prioritized in order to identify and eliminate unnecessary work. This method uses a selection criteria based on individual jobs, rather than people, in order to avoid possibly laying off the wrong employees.
Right-to-work: A state law preventing labor-management agreements requiring an individual to join a union as a condition of employment.
Risk management: The use of insurance and other strategies in an effort to minimize an organization’s exposure to liability in the event a loss or injury occurs.
Role playing: A training method in which each participant purposely acts out or assumes a particular character or role.
Rotational training: A training method where employees are rotated among a variety of different jobs, departments or company functions for a certain period of time.
Rules: Specific guidelines that regulate and restrict the behavior of individuals.
Rural sourcing: An outsourcing method that is based on transferring jobs away from higher cost urban areas to lower cost rural areas.