Glossary of HR Terms starting with Alphabet H
Halo/Horn effect: Type of interviewer bias; the interviewer allows one strong point that he or she values highly to overshadow all other information; known as the ‘halo effect’ when this works in the candidate’s favor and the ‘horn effect’ when it works in the opposition direction OR Rating a person high or low on all items because of one characteristic.
Handbilling: Practice in which unions distribute written publicity in order to convince employees to sign authorization cards.
Hazard pay: Refers to pay earned by employees who work in an environment that is considered more risky from a safety or health point of view.
Head count: Refers to average number of people employed directly by the company on a full-time and part-time basis.
Health: A general state of physical, mental, and emotional well-being.
Health maintenance organization: Form of health care that provides services for a fixed period on a prepaid basis.
Hidden disabilities: Disabilities which are not of a visible nature, such as learning disorders, alcohol abuse, depression, etc.
Hierarchy: The authority levels of the organizational pyramids.
Hierarchy of needs: A psychology theory ascribed to Abraham H. Ma slow, in which he proposed that people will constantly seek to have their basic needs (sleep, food, water, shelter, etc.)fulfilled and that such needs ultimately determine behavior.
Home-based worker: An employee who works from a home office rather than at a physical work space at the employer’s location.
Honesty/integrity testing: Tests used to assess an individual’s propensity for dishonest conduct or behavior ( i.e.,stealing or lying).
Horizontal communication: Information shared among people in the same hierarchical level.
Horizontal integration: A variation of job enlargement; breaks the monotony of routine jobs by shifting people between comparable but different jobs; also known as job rotation.
Horizontal organization: A flat organizational structure that consists of fewer hierarchical levels. Such organizational structures often rely on the use of cross-functional teams.
Host-country national: An employee working in a unit or plant who is citizen of the country in which the unit or plant is located, but where the unit or plant is operated by an organization headquartered in another country.
Hostile environment harassment: Harassment that occurs when sexual or other discriminatory conduct is so severe and pervasive that it interferes with an individual’s performance, creates an intimidating, threatening, or humiliating work environment, or perpetuates a situation that affects the employee’s psychological well-being.
Hostile takeover: A leveraged purchase of a company that goes against the wishes of the target company’s management and board of directors.
Hot cargo clause: Agreement that union members were not required to handle goods made by non-union labor or a struck plant; illegal except for provisions in the construction and clothing industries.
Hot-desks: A method of saving office space in which workers do not have their own desk but share the same desk at different times during the day or week.
Hourly wage: Form of base pay that is dependent on the number of hours worked.
HR generalist: A person with responsibility of performing a variety of HR activities.
HR research: The analysis of data from HR records to determine the effectiveness of past and present HR practices.
HR specialist: A person with in-depth knowledge and expertise in a limited area of HR.
HR strategies: A person with in-depth knowledge and expertise in a limited area of HR.
Huddle group: A training method whereby participants are divided into small groups, given a specific problem to handle within a short period of time(typically less then 10 minutes)and then report their findings back to the larger collective group.
Human capital: The collective knowledge, skills and abilities of an organization’s employees.
Human immunodeficiency virus: A virus that may lead to the development of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS).
Human relations: A classical management approach that attempted to understand and explain how human psychological and social processes interact with the formal aspects of the work situation to influence performance.
Human resources(HR) The function dealing with the management of people employed within the organization.
Human resource audit: A formal research effort that evaluates the current state of HR management in an organization.
Human resource development(HRD): A set of planned activities intended to provide the organization with the skills it requires to meet current and future business demands.
Human resource information system (HRIS): A computer database used to gather, store, maintain and retrieve employee and HR-related information that is helpful in HR decision making.
Human resource management(HRM): The design of formal systems in an organization to ensure the effective and efficient use of human talent to accomplish the organizational goals.
Human resource management system(HRMS): A software application combining various human resource functions, such as benefits, payroll, recruiting, training, etc, into one package.
Human resource metrics: Measurements used to determine the value and effectiveness of HR strategies. Typically includes such items as cost per hire, turnover rates/costs, training and human capital ROI, labor/productivity rates and costs, benefits costs per employee, etc.
Human resource planning(HRP): The process of analyzing and identifying the need for and availability of human resources so that the organization can meet its objectives.
Hybrid organization: An organization whose structure is comprised of both vertical and horizontal models.
Hygiene factor: Characteristics of the workplace, such as company policies, working conditions , pay ,and supervision that make a job more satisfying.
Hygiene theory: Studies conducted by Frederick Herzberg used to better understand employee attitudes and motivation and what factors cause job satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Also referred to as the Motivation-Hygiene theory.