Glossary of HR Terms starting with Alphabet E
Earned-time plan: Plan that combines all time-off benefits into a total numbers of hours or days that employees can take off with pay.
Economic value added: A firm’s net operating profit after the cost capital is deducted.
Effective manager: An active leader who creates a positive work environment in which the organization and its employees have the opportunity and the incentive to achieve high performance.
Effectiveness: The extent to which goals have been met.
Efficiency: The degree to which operations are done in an economical manner or the ratio of outputs to inputs.
Employee assistance program: Program that provides counseling and help to employees having emotional, physical, or personal problems.
Employee champion: Listen and respond to employees and find the right balance between demands on employees and resources available to employees.
Employee grievance: Any employee’s concern over a perceived violation of labor agreement that is submitted to the grievance procedure for resolution.
Employee handbook: Explains major HR and employee policies and procedures and generally describes the employee benefits provided; also called employee manual.
Employee referral program: A recruiting strategy where current employees are rewarded for referring qualified candidates for employment.
Employee relations: A broad term used to refer to the general management and planning of activities related to developing, maintaining and improving employee relationships by communicating with employees, processing grievances/disputes, etc.
Employee retention: Organizational policies and practices designed to meet the diverse needs of employees and create an environment that encourages employees to remain employed.
Employee stock ownership plans: A plan whereby employees gain stock ownership in the organization for which they work.
Employee survey: An instrument used to assess employee perceptions about the work environment.
Employment agency: An organization that provides job placement assistance, either on a temporary or permanent basis, to individuals seeking employment opportunities.
Employment agreement/contract: A formal, legally binding agreement between an employer and employee outlining terms of employment such as duration, compensation, benefits.
Employment branding: A blend of marketing, communications, and performance technology intended to get an organization’s name out to a mass audience fast; a basis for recruiting employees.
Employment displacement: Occurs when an employee is terminated as a result of position elimination.
Employment offer: Makes the hiring decision official; should immediately follow the final decision to hire a candidate, also known as offer letter or job offer letter.
Employment-at-will: A common-law doctrine stating that employers have the right to hire, fire, demote, or promote whomever they choose, unless there is a law or contract to the contrary.
Empowerment: Enabling an individual to have responsibility, control and decision-making authority over the work he or she performs.
English-only rules: An employer policy or work rule that requires employees to only speak in the English language at all times while on the job or in the workplace.
Entrepreneurship: The act of forming a new business.
Environmental scanning: The process of studying the environment of the organization to pinpoint opportunities and threats.
Equal employment opportunity: A policy statement that equal consideration for a job is applicable to all individuals and that the employer does not discriminate based on race, color, religion, age, marital status, national origin, disability or sex. OR The concept that individuals should have equal treatment in all employment related actions.
Equity: The perceived fairness of the relation between what a person does (inputs) and what the person receives(outcomes).
Ergonomics: The science aimed at tailoring the proper design of the workplace environment to avoid injury and eliminate accidents.
Essential functions: The primary job functions or tasks that an individual must be able to perform with or without a reasonable accommodation.
Essential job functions: The fundamental job duties of the employment position that an individual with a disability holds or desires.
Executive champion: An executive who supports a new technology and protects the product champion of the innovation.
Executive order: An order issued by the President of the United States to provide direction to government departments on a specific issues or area.
Executive search firms: External recruiting method; firms seek out candidates, usually for executive, managerial, or professional positions.
Exempt employees: Employees to whom employers are not required to pay overtime under the Fair Lab our Standards Act.
Exit interview: An interview in which those leaving the organization are asked to identify the reasons for their departure.
Expatriate: Persons who live in one country and are employed by an organization based in another country, also called international assignees.
Experiment: Research to determine how factors respond when changes are made in one or more variables, or conditions.
Express oral contract: A common-law tort implying that a contract need not be in writing to be enforceable; an express oral contract can be created when an employer and an employee exchange promises related to employment.
External equity: Occurs when an organization’s pay rates are at least equal to market rates.
Extra net: An Internet-linked network that allows employees access to information provided by external entities.
Extrinsic motivator: Organizationally controlled incentives, such as pay, benefits, incentives, achievement awards, etc., used to reinforce motivation and increase performance.
Extrinsic reward: Work-related rewards that have a measurable monetary value, unlike intrinsic rewards, such as praise or satisfaction in job well done.