Glossary of HR Terms starting with Alphabet D
Daily work records: A daily log of job tasks being performed by individual employees over a certain period of time. Used often as a form of job analysis.
Deauthorization: Removes the authority of the bargaining representative to enter into and enforce a union security clause.
Decentralization: The process of assigning decision-making authority to lower levels within the organizational hierarchy.
Decertification: A voting process whereby a union is removed as the representative of a group of employees.
Defamation: A common-law tort; defined as injuring someone’s reputation either through verbal or written statements.
Defined-benefit plan: Pension plan in which an employee is promised a pension amount based on age and service.
Defined contribution plan: Pension plan in which the employer makes annual payment to an employee’s pension account.
De-layering: An organizational restructuring strategy meant to reduce the organization’s existing levels of managers or supervisors.
Delegation: The assignment of new or additional responsibilities to a subordinate, clearly dictating expected outcomes and time frame for completion.
Demographics: The physical characteristics of population, such as age, sex, martial status, family size, education, geographic location and occupation.
Demotion: A permanent reassignment to a position with a lower pay grade, skill requirement or level of responsibility than the employee’s current position.
Departmentation: The process of dividing an organization’s labor, functions, processes or units into separate groups.
Development: Efforts to improve employee’s ability to handle a variety of assignments.
Devil’s advocate: A person who has the job of criticizing ideas to ensure that different viewpoints are fully explored.
Differential piece-rate system: Pay system where the employee receives one piece rate up to a standard and then a higher rate once the standard is exceeded.
Direct compensation: Refers to pay that is received by an employee including base pay, differential pay, and incentive pay.
Direct evidence of discrimination: A method of proof in which evidence on its face establishes a discriminatory reason for an employment decision, without inference or presumption. Direct evidence is evidence that on its face shows an intent to discriminate.
Directive interview: Type of interview in which the interviewer poses specific questions to the candidate and keeps control.
Disabled person: Someone who has physical or mental impairment that substantially limits that person in some major life activities, who has a record of such an impairment, or who is regarded as having such an impairment.
Discipline: A form of training that enforces organizational rules.
Disparate impact: Situation that exists when there is a substantial under representation of protected class members as a result of employment decisions that work to their disadvantages.
Disparate treatment: Situation that exists when protected-class members are treated differently from others.
Distributive justice: Perceived fairness in the distribution of outcomes.
Diversity: Differences among people.
Division of labor: The assignment of different tasks to different people or groups.
Downsizing: Reducing the size of an organizational work force.
Draw: An amount advanced from and repaid to future commissions earned by the employee.
Due process: In employment settings, the opportunity for individuals to explain and defend their actions against charges of misconduct or other reasons.
Dues checkoff: Provision that union dues will be deducted automatically from payroll checks of union members.
Duty: A large work segment composed of several tasks that are performed by an individual.